In New York State, all drivers and anyone else in the front seat must wear safety belts, one person per belt. The driver and any front-seat passengers 16 or older can be fined if they fail to buckle up. If a passenger under 16 in the front seat does not buckle up, the driver can be fined and receive 3 driver license penalty points.
Children under age 16 must wear safety belts in the back seat. Children under age 4 must be in safety seats that meet federal standards.
For more information on New York State’s safety belt law, see the New York State Department of Motor Vehicles, Governor's Traffic Safety Committee's website.